11. Here are the differences between them: Assertive … _____ 3. 5. Indirect: I asked him whether he had been present at the meeting the day before (or the previous day). INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES. 3. 1. Note that the auxiliary verbs should, could, would, ought to and might do not change in the indirect speech. In interrogative sentences conjunction 'if' or 'whether' is used in place of that' in the indirect speech and question mark is removed. Such as, Present indefinite into past indefinite, Present perfect into past perfect tense. IF is the more usual when the implied answer is an affirmative one or when an affirmative one is hoped for. It contains a verb phrase that is followed by a subject. Indirect Speech is supported by some verbs like requested, ordered, suggested and advised. A question can be of two types. The student asked how he could buy this book. The student said, “How can I buy this book?”. while exclamatory and optative sentences end with a mark of exclamation (!) Same way “WILL or SHALL” will be converted into WOULD or SHOULD accordingly. Rules for the Change of Tense. There are some rules to change direct to Indirect speech of Interrogative sentence: 3. Tip 5: Conversion of Interrogative. (Reported Speech) " (Inverted Commas Close) The basic rule of Narration is : First … Remove commas, quotation marks and question marks. The first is sentences starting with a helping verb. i.e. Change the question into a Statement. Apart from these common rules, there are a few specific rules which apply according to the type of question in sentence. The Reporting Verb is changed, into ‘ask, enquire, inquire or demand! requested, order, advised, forbade, suggested) replace the verbs (e.g. Posted by Manjusha. The following changes occur when an interrogative sentence in the direct speech is changed to the indirect speech. Therefore, the imperative mood in the direct speech changes into the Infinitive in indirect speech. In other words, the interrogative sentences in the direct speech will change into assertive sentences in the indirect speech. Change the words like ‘say’ or ‘tell’ to ‘ask’ or ‘inquire’. Interrogative sentences allow you to gather information and clear up confusion as well as engage in interesting conversations with others. Option C is in the form: He asked me + if + clause (I was going with them). If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the Tense of the Verb in the Reported Speech does not change. Sometimes we use words 'demand/demanded or enquire/enquired' also. English Grammar Tips - Direct & Indirect Speech Tips; English Grammar Test on Direct & Indirect Speech MCQ Test; Direct and Indirect Speech: Direct Indirect Speech Rules and examples. The pronoun for the listener, in reported speech, will change according to the object of the direct speech, which in this case is "her". In all interrogative sentences, the words 'say, says, will say, said, say to, says to, will say to, said to' of Reporting Verb are replaced with 'ask, asks, will ask, asked, ask, asks, will ask, asked' in Indirect Speech. Direct: I would help, but… Indirect: He said he would help but… 13. Considering this Edumantra is providing reported speech rules and direct and indirect speech examples in a very easy and convenient manner followed by direct and indirect speech exercises for a nice practice. Note that the indirect narration is always in the assertive form. Boys said, “It has been raining since morning. The conjunction that is used to connect the reporting verb with what is said. Interrogative sentences beginning with an auxiliary … Direct: The mother said to the daughter, ‘Do you know where John is?’ Direct and Indirect of Past Perfect Tense. The above rules are common for all question-sentences. 2. Direct and Indirect of Past Perfect Tense. If reported speech is in interrogative change it into indirect narration by following the directions below. For the purpose of Direct-Indirect Speech, Interrogative Sentences are divided into two types - (1) W-family Interrogative Sentences and (2) Simple Interrogative Sentences (Other than W-family Sentences). Sentences are broadly divided into four kinds – Assertive, Interrogative, Exclamatory and Imperative. There are two types of question-sentences: Do you like a mango? Change of Personal Pronoun, tense and Special words. Here is procedure to solve such question: Procedure to Solve. The Reporting Verb is changed, into ‘ask, enquire, inquire or demand etc. She said to him, “I am leaving now and shall return after two hours.” She told him that she was leaving then and would return after two hours. Note that of is used after enquired and demanded only when the reporting verb has an object. Remove the question mark in the sentence of Indirect speech. 1. While transforming interrogative sentences into assertive sentences, we add 'not' if the interrogative sentence is in the affirmative. Directions (1-30): In the following questions, a Sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect. Change of pronouns. Change of time and place expressions in past tense (list 3) Teacher told her, “Why did you fail the exam? Submit Tips. Submit Please embed images of following types only : jpg,jpeg,png . Direct: She said to me, ‘Are you coming with us?’ An interrogative is always either "asked" or "enquired" in reported speech. Direct to Indirect speech (Interrogative Sentence) An interrogative sentence has a question. leanr and improve your english knowledge through grammar in english. Then do/does of the gravitational pull. ’ 3 Answers PDF is always in the direct speech into indirect 1-30:! T seen George recently grammar in English would be, `` Where is your umbrella? interrogative. 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