, On September 21, 1972, then President Ferdinand Marcos declared Martial Law in the Philippines. The Board shall exercise its powers with due discretion in the determination of points for each victim, which shall be based on the type of violation committed against the HRVV, frequently and duration of the violation. Similarly, it is the obligation of the State to acknowledge the sufferings and damages inflicted upon persons whose properties or businesses were forcibly taken over, sequestered or used, or those whose professions were damaged and/or impaired, or those whose freedom of movement was restricted, and/or such other victims of the violations of the Bill of Rights. Based on Article 137 the employer is not allowed to: Deprive any woman employee of any of the benefits mentioned above and in Articles 130–136 of the Labor Code or to terminate any woman employee for the purpose of stopping her from enjoying said benefits.  The local officials and passers-by all told Gandinao's husband and daughter that they were too busy to tend to the bleeding Gandinao. Gandinao was then shot four times by two men on a motorcycle heading towards a nearby military camp, while Gandinao's family helplessly watched the attack. (d) Persons Acting in an Official Capacity and/or Agents of the State.—The following persons shall be deemed persons acting in an official capacity and/or agents of the State under this Act: (1) Any member of the former Philippine Constabulary (PC), the former Integrated National Police (INP), the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and the Civilian Home Defense Force (CHDF) from September 21, 1972 to February 25, 1986 as well as any civilian agent attached thereto; and any member of a paramilitary group even if one is not organically part of the PC, the INP, the AFP or the CHDF so long as it is shown that the group was organized, funded, supplied with equipment, facilities and/or resources, and/or indoctrinated, controlled and/or supervised by any person acting in an official capacity and/or agent of the State as herein defined; (2) Any member of the civil service, including persons who held elective or appointive public office at any time from September 21, 1972 to February 25, 1986; (3) Persons referred to in Section 2(a) of Executive Order No. (d) Must have a clear and adequate understanding and commitment to human rights protection, promotion and advocacy. "The Philippines faces major challenges -- structural poverty, inequality, armed conflict, frequent natural disasters, and now the COVID-19 crisis," said High Commissioner for Human Rights … If an employer requires his employee to work on his scheduled rest day, he shall be paid an additional compensation of at least thirty percent (30%) of his regular wage. The reported number of extrajudicial killings varied widely, since government and NGOs used different definitions. The retiring employee who has served at least five (5) years in the said establishment shall be entitled to retirement pay equivalent to at least one-half (1/2) month salary for every year of service, a fraction of at least six months being considered as one whole year. SEC. Consistent with the foregoing, it is hereby declared the policy of the State to recognize the heroism and sacrifices of all Filipinos who were victims of summary execution, torture, enforced or involuntary disappearance and other gross human rights violations committed during the regime of former President Ferdinand E. Marcos covering the period from September 21, 1972 to February 25, 1986 and restore the victims’ honor and dignity. (4) Victims whose rights were violated under Section 3, paragraph (b), nos. 840, CA No.  The Davao Death Squad (DDS) has had over 500 victims since 1998; killing targets in public and in broad daylight. PHILIPPINES 3 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2019 United States Department of State • Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor City police chief, during whose tenure teenager Kian delos Santos was killed in 2017. The Philippines is no outlier More than 140 governments have passed anti-terrorism laws since Sept. 11, 2001, with many expanding that legal arsenal over time. Terminate a woman because of her pregnancy while on leave or in confinement due to it.  , Prior to the Marcos Martial Law Era in the Philippines, all labor laws were not codified. Human rights are the basic rights inherent to all human beings from birth until death. — Any aggrieved claimant or oppositor may file an appeal within ten (10) calendar days from the receipt of the Resolution of the Division, to the Board en banc, whose decision shall then become final and executory. The CHR established linkages and collaboration efforts with the. The basis for the paternity leave is Republic Act No. A Memorial/Museum/Library shall be established in honor and in memory of the victims of human rights violations whose names shall be inscribed in the Roll. SEC 28. SEC. The committee was composed of: Amado G. Inciong, the then Undersecretary of Labor, acting as the chairman of the committee, Director Ricardo Castro, the head of the subcommittee on Labor Relations, Director Diego Atienza, the head of the subcommittee on Labor Standards, and Director Rony Diaz, the head of the subcommittee on Employment and Training. Planting is a group effort, the men breaks the soil with a shovel or … According to U.S. Country Profile on the Philippines dated March 2006, the U.S. State Department reported in 2006 that Philippine security forces have been responsible for serious human rights abuses despite the efforts of civilian authorities to control them. Secretary of the Senate, (Sgd.) Motu Proprio Recognition. PHILIPPINE LAWS ON HOUSING AND HUMAN SETTLEMENTS I. PHILIPPINE LAWS ON HOUSING A. No. Go, J. R. R. (2014). BENIGNO S. AQUINO III Sichi Bustamante-Gandinao was a peasant organizer in Salay, Misamis Oriental. Political Leadership and Education Governance at the Municipal Level. A compendium of their sacrifices shall be prepared and may be readily viewed and accessed in the internet. — This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its complete publication in the Official Gazette or in at least two (2) national newspapers of general circulation. If the holiday falls under the employee's rest day, and he decides to work, his wage for the first eight (8) hours of his work will be doubled. Diokno.. It led to the abolition of Martial Law (de jure abolished in 1981), the exile of the Marcos family, as well as Cory Aquino's rise to the presidency and the current 1987 Constitution. The Office of Cybercrime is in charge of implementing the Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 (R.A. 10175). 292). (4) Any person or group/s of persons acting with the authorization, support or acquiescence of the State during the Marcos regime.  It was, however, noted that during Duterte's term as mayor, criminal activity has decreased significantly. The amount necessary for this purpose shall be sourced from the budget of the agency concerned in the annual General Appropriations Act (GAA). Penalties; Applicability of the Revised Penal Code. Learn more about the Philippine government, its structure, how government works and the people behind it. Period for Filing of Claims; Waiver. Thankfully, everything you’re entitled to as a citizen of the Republic of the Philippines is all up there in the Constitution, specifically under Article III, better known as the Bill of Rights, which starts with the statement, “No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, nor shall any person be denied the equal protection of the laws.” These include the. , The killing of Larry Que on December 20, 2016 was the first recorded media-related killing under the administration of President Rodrigo Duterte. 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